Do Bodybuilders Live Longer Than Average? Debunking Myths

Written by James C., M.S.(C), PT

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The practice of bodybuilding has been a popular way to achieve a desired physique and promote a healthy lifestyle for many years. However, a lingering question remains: do bodybuilders live longer than the average person? To address this concern, it is crucial to examine various aspects of bodybuilding, from training methods and diets to the potential use of performance-enhancing drugs.

Do Bodybuilders Live Longer Than Average

Bodybuilding involves intense physical training focused on muscle growth, strength, and aesthetics. This dedication to physical fitness often leads bodybuilders to develop healthier habits, such as consuming a nutritious diet and maintaining a consistent workout routine. It is essential to consider these factors when determining the potential impact of bodybuilding on longevity. However, there are also possible negative influences, such as the use of steroids and increased physical stress on the body, which could be detrimental to a bodybuilder’s life expectancy.

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Key Takeaways

  • Physical fitness and healthy habits of bodybuilders may contribute to a longer life.
  • The potential negative impacts of bodybuilding, such as steroid use and increased stress, should also be considered.
  • Balanced diet, mental health awareness, and proper training may improve longevity in bodybuilding.

Understanding Bodybuilding

When it comes to bodybuilding, it is a discipline primarily focused on increasing muscle mass, strength, and overall aesthetic appearance. Bodybuilders invest a significant amount of time and effort in developing a balanced, well-proportioned physique through a consistent and intense exercise regimen.

The bodybuilding lifestyle emphasizes an intricate combination of weight training, cardiovascular exercise, and a carefully planned diet. These individuals consume a diet rich in protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats, to fuel muscle growth and recovery. Key elements of a bodybuilder’s diet may include lean meats, whole grains, vegetables, and various supplements.

Bodybuilders commonly participate in resistance training exercises, such as bench presses, squats, and deadlifts, to target specific muscle groups and continuously challenge their muscles. A combination of isolation and compound exercises ensures overall development and growth of both major muscle groups and their supporting muscle fibers.

Another significant aspect of bodybuilding is the attention to rest and recovery. After rigorous workouts, bodybuilders recognize the importance of giving their muscles adequate time to repair and recuperate. Proper sleep, stretching, and other relaxation techniques contribute to better muscle regeneration and growth.

In terms of maintaining a healthy lifestyle, bodybuilders often invest in staying up-to-date with the latest research in nutrition, exercise science, and physical well-being. This commitment to learning and adapting helps them to continually optimize their physical performance and reduce the risk of injury.

In essence, bodybuilding is a comprehensive approach to fitness, strength, and endurance that extends beyond typical exercise routines. The dedication to a well-rounded lifestyle, prioritizing physical health, and embracing a sense of discipline ultimately contribute to the bodybuilder’s journey for a stronger, well-defined physique.

Bodybuilders’ Lifespan: Data and Statistics

Bodybuilders' Lifespan: Data and Statistics

Bodybuilding is a sport that requires intense physical training and a strict diet to achieve muscular growth and low body fat percentages. As it involves continuous lifestyle adaptations, many people wonder about its impact on longevity and life expectancy. Let’s delve into some data and statistics to gain a better understanding.

One study analyzed the lifespan of 508 pro bodybuilders, with 442 alive and 66 deceased by the end of 2022. The study compared their birth years and corresponding mortality rates with that of the average American male population. This comparison can help us evaluate the differences in life expectancy between bodybuilders and the general population.

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In terms of cardiovascular health, a critical factor in life expectancy, a study on anabolic steroid users revealed significant differences in left ventricular mass between current AAS abusers and controls. Left ventricular mass is an essential indicator of heart health, and its increase among bodybuilders may be attributed to the impact of the substances they use or their intense training methods.

Here are a few key points from available studies:

  • Bodybuilders in the study were found to be 73.7% heavier than the average adult male, which could contribute to an increased risk for cardiovascular issues.
  • A different study focusing on athletes, including bodybuilders, observed a positive correlation between regular exercise and a longer life.

In conclusion, while the statistics and studies available provide some insight into the impact of bodybuilding on life expectancy, more research is needed to draw definitive conclusions. Factors such as training methods, nutrition, and substance use can have varying effects on individual bodybuilders’ health and longevity.

Bodybuilding and Physical Health

Muscle and Body Composition

Bodybuilding emphasizes the importance of physical activity, specifically through strength training and weight training. These muscle-strengthening exercises contribute to increasing an individual’s muscle mass while potentially reducing body fat, resulting in a healthier body composition. Additionally, researchers in sports medicine have found that engaging in regular physical activity is a factor in successful aging, as it can provide various health benefits in the long term.

Cardiovascular Impact

While bodybuilding offers benefits in muscle and body composition, its impact on the cardiovascular system warrants consideration. Although moderate levels of physical activity, such as cardio exercises, are known to lower the risk of heart disease, excessive weight training may have adverse effects on the vascular system. For instance, it has been observed that intense bodybuilding may cause aorta damage, leading to increased risk of heart attacks and heart failure.

Moreover, bodybuilders may develop high blood pressure due to the strain on their cardiovascular system. This condition, if left unmanaged, may result in left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction, both of which may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death and other cardiovascular-related deaths.

Bone Strength and Balance

One notable aspect of bodybuilding is its effect on an individual’s bones and balance. Engaging in muscle-strengthening exercises has been shown to improve bone strength, primarily by stimulating the growth and maintenance of bone density. Enhanced bone strength is particularly beneficial as people age, as it may reduce the likelihood of fractures and falls. Furthermore, bodybuilding exercises promote better balance by strengthening the muscles that support our skeletal system – a key factor in preventing accidental falls. Consequently, bodybuilders who engage in consistent exercise routines may experience improved bone health and overall stability.

Immune System and Infections

Immune System and Infections

Bodybuilders and athletes often aim for better health and longevity through regular exercise and diet. One important aspect to consider is the impact of exercising on the immune system, which can influence susceptibility to infections such as HIV and viral hepatitis.

Regular moderate-intensity exercise can provide benefits to the immune system by stimulating cellular immunity. This improvement in immune functions may lead to a reduced risk of infections1. However, it’s worth noting that there can be some negative impact on the immune system if exercise becomes too intense or prolonged. Long-term intense exercise, such as marathon race competition, can cause temporary increases in white blood cells and cytokines, which brings about a pro-inflammatory state2. During this period, the body may be more susceptible to infections.

There are several ways through which exercise may affect the immune system and infections:

  1. Exercise type and intensity: Moderate exercise has been shown to boost immunity, whereas extreme exercise can weaken the immune system temporarily.
  2. Nutrition: Adequate nutrition is crucial to support a healthy immune system. Bodybuilders should focus on a balanced and nutrient-rich diet to ensure optimal immune function.
  3. Rest and recovery: Sufficient rest and recovery are essential for maintaining a strong immune system. Overtraining can weaken the immune system, leading to a higher risk of infections.

For people living with HIV or viral hepatitis, exercise can provide additional health benefits. It has been shown to improve cardiovascular health and overall quality of life in those affected by these conditions. Although exercise alone may not prevent or cure these infections, it can support the immune system and help maintain general health3.

In conclusion, incorporating regular moderate exercise into a lifestyle can have a positive impact on immune function and overall health for bodybuilders and athletes. Maintaining a balance between exercise, nutrition, and rest is essential to minimize the risk of infections and promote longevity.

Impacts of Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Drugs

Impacts of Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Drugs

Anabolic Steroids and Their Effects

Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances similar to the male hormone testosterone. They are primarily used by athletes and bodybuilders to help increase their muscle mass and improve their performance in sports. However, the use of these drugs can have serious side effects and are banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) due to their potential for substance abuse.

The side effects of anabolic steroids can vary depending on the specific drug in use, the duration of use, and the individual’s response. Some of the common side effects include:

  • Liver dysfunction or liver damage, which may occur as a result of prolonged use or high doses.
  • Changes in blood lipid levels, which can increase the risk of heart disease or stroke.
  • Hormonal imbalances leading to issues such as gynecomastia, testicular atrophy, or menstrual irregularities.

It is important to note that the recommended dose for these drugs can vary widely, and exceeding it may result in more severe side effects.

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) and AAS

Human Growth Hormone (HGH) is another popular performance-enhancing drug used by bodybuilders and athletes. It is a naturally occurring hormone that helps stimulate growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration. However, synthetic forms of HGH are commonly used in combination with Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) to boost muscle growth and improve athletic performance.

The side effects associated with HGH use may include:

  • Joint pain, muscle weakness, or fluid retention.
  • Increased risk of diabetes and changes in blood glucose levels.
  • Possible enlargement of internal organs, such as the heart, liver, or kidneys.

The use of HGH and AAS in combination can lead to an increased risk of negative side effects, as both substances can be harmful when abused. Additionally, like anabolic steroids, HGH is also banned by WADA due to its potential for substance abuse and negative health impacts.

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Dietary Habits of Bodybuilders

The dietary habits of bodybuilders play a crucial role in their overall health and ability to build and maintain muscle mass. A well-rounded and carefully planned diet, combined with smart training and recovery practices, can contribute to a healthier lifestyle. In this section, we will examine the key components of a bodybuilder’s diet, including nutrition and supplements.

Macronutrients are essential to a bodybuilder’s diet as they provide the necessary energy and building blocks for muscle growth and repair. The primary macronutrients include protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

  • Protein is critical for muscle development, repair, and maintenance. Bodybuilders typically consume a high protein diet, incorporating foods such as lean meats, fish, eggs, and dairy products. A protein intake of around 1.2-2.0 grams per kilogram of body weight is often suggested, depending on the individual’s goals and training intensity.
  • Carbohydrates serve as a primary source of energy for the body during intense workouts. A bodybuilder’s diet usually contains high amounts of complex carbohydrates, like whole grains, rice, and pasta. Carbohydrate intake may vary based on factors like training schedule, goals, and personal preference.
  • Fats should not be neglected, as they are essential for hormone production, energy storage, and nutrient absorption, among other functions. Bodybuilders aim to include healthy fats, such as those from avocados, nuts, and olive oil, accounting for around 20% to 35% of daily caloric intake.

In addition to these macronutrients, bodybuilders also need to consume a balanced diet rich in micronutrients, including vitamins and minerals, to support overall health.

Supplements can play a supportive role in a bodybuilder’s dietary regimen. Some common supplements include:

  1. Whey protein: aids in muscle recovery and growth
  2. Creatine: boosts strength and power, allowing for more effective workouts
  3. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs): aids in muscle repair and may reduce muscle soreness
  4. Multivitamins: help fill dietary gaps in providing essential nutrients

It is important to note that supplements should not replace a balanced diet, but rather act as an adjunct to support bodybuilders in achieving their goals. Additionally, bodybuilders must be cautious of potentially harmful substances like steroids and excessive use of diuretics, which may have negative health implications.

In conclusion, the dietary habits of bodybuilders revolve around carefully planned nutritional intake and supplements to support training needs. By prioritizing a balanced and adequate diet, bodybuilders can maintain their muscle mass, fuel workouts, and potentially influence their overall health and longevity.

Bodybuilding and Mental Health

Bodybuilding as a sport emphasizes physical strength and aesthetics. Its impact on mental health is multifaceted, with both positive and negative aspects. A key component linking bodybuilding with mental health is the improvement in mood and endurance.

Participating in regular exercise, including bodybuilding, has proven to be beneficial for mental health. Engaging in physical activities can boost mood, reduce stress and anxiety, and improve overall well-being. Additionally, exercise releases endorphins and serotonin, two neurotransmitters known for their role in promoting feelings of happiness and contentment. Building endurance through consistent training can also lead to increased self-esteem and confidence as bodybuilders achieve their personal fitness goals.

However, there are potential negative impacts on mental health associated with bodybuilding. Some individuals may develop an unhealthy focus on their physical appearance, giving rise to body dysmorphia or a distorted perception of one’s body. This can lead to obsessive behaviors, disordered eating, and overexertion, all of which may negatively affect mental health.

Moreover, the competitive nature of bodybuilding can foster a high-pressure environment that may contribute to anxiety and stress, both of which can negatively impact mental health. The constant pursuit of physical perfection may also lead to feelings of dissatisfaction and lowered self-worth when specific goals are not met.

In conclusion, bodybuilding can offer significant benefits to mental health by improving mood and endurance as long as individuals maintain a healthy and balanced approach. On the flip side, it’s crucial to be aware of the potential pitfalls and prioritize mental well-being alongside physical fitness.

Bodybuilding in Women

Bodybuilding for women has become increasingly popular in recent years, as more women are embracing the benefits of a healthy and fit lifestyle. It offers numerous physical and mental health benefits, enabling women to push themselves and set personal goals for their fitness and strength.

One major advantage that bodybuilding offers for women is improved muscle strength and endurance. As women naturally have less muscle mass compared to men, engaging in strength training helps them to build lean muscle tissue, which in turn improves overall strength and athleticism. Moreover, developing a strong foundation of muscles can support and protect the joints, potentially lowering the risk of injuries and conditions like arthritis.

Apart from physical benefits, bodybuilding can also contribute to enhanced mental well-being in women. Exercise, in general, has been clinically proven to reduce symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. The disciplined approach and focus required in bodybuilding promote a sense of mental resilience, helping women navigate through their daily lives with confidence and composure.

Although there is no definitive answer to whether female bodybuilders live longer than the average population, some studies suggest that they might have a better chance at longevity. For example, a study in the American Journal of Epidemiology found that women who engaged in muscle-strengthening exercises were 19% less likely to die from cardiovascular diseases. The following list highlights some factors that could contribute to increased life expectancy among women bodybuilders:

  • Improved cardiovascular health: Regular exercise helps to enhance the heart’s efficiency, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of heart diseases.
  • Better weight management: Building muscle mass increases metabolism, helping women control their body weight and maintain a healthy body composition.
  • Lower risk for lifestyle-related diseases: Engaging in fitness activities like bodybuilding can lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, obesity, and certain types of cancer.

It is important to note that while bodybuilding offers multiple health benefits for women, it should be pursued with moderation and under the guidance of a healthcare professional to avoid potential problems such as overtraining, hormone imbalances, and stress injuries.

Professional Bodybuilding

Professional bodybuilding is a sport that primarily focuses on the development of muscle size, symmetry, and definition. Competitors usually participate in major events such as the prestigious Mr. Olympia contest, which is considered the pinnacle of success in this field.

Like other professional sports, bodybuilding has its share of controversies and concerns. One major issue in this sport is the use of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs), such as anabolic steroids. These substances can promote muscle growth and strength but can also come with potential health risks. In fact, some studies have suggested that long-term steroid use may contribute to a shorter lifespan for competitive bodybuilders.

A study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine analyzed the mortality rate of bodybuilders, strongmen, and powerlifters. The results indicated that elite strength athletes had a higher mortality rate compared to the general population, with cardiovascular disease being a significant concern. It is important to note, however, that this study focused on high-level strength athletes and not specifically on professional bodybuilders.

In the world of competitive bodybuilding, athletes often push their bodies to extreme limits, engaging in rigorous training regimens and strict diet plans. This dedication and hard work can help them achieve their desired physiques, but it can also put their health at risk if not properly monitored. To mitigate these risks, bodybuilders often work closely with personal trainers, nutritionists, and medical professionals to ensure they are staying on track with their health goals.

The role of a personal trainer in the world of professional bodybuilding goes far beyond simply providing workout guidance. These professionals help bodybuilders stay disciplined in their training, diet, and recovery routines and provide valuable support and advice to prevent injuries and maintain a balanced approach to the sport.

In conclusion, it is crucial to recognize that professional bodybuilding is not only about attaining a certain physical appearance but also entails maintaining one’s overall health and well-being. And though there have been instances of early mortality among competitive bodybuilders, efforts to promote healthier approaches to the sport continue to emerge within the industry.

Bodybuilding and Cancer

Bodybuilding, a sport and lifestyle focused on building muscle mass and strength, raises questions about any potential links to increased cancer risk. The American Cancer Society emphasizes the importance of a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, to lower the risk of cancer.

Research specifically connecting bodybuilding to cancer is limited. However, we can assess certain aspects of the lifestyle that may have an impact. It is well-known that bodybuilders maintain strict diets, often high in protein, and engage in rigorous exercise routines. A balanced diet and regular exercise are key factors in reducing cancer risk, as mentioned by the American Cancer Society.

On the other hand, some bodybuilders may use performance-enhancing substances, such as anabolic steroids, which can have negative health consequences. Possible risks include liver damage, heart disease, and hormonal imbalances. Although a direct link between anabolic steroid use and cancer is not well-established, it is essential to consider the potential risks involved in using these substances.

In summary, while the sport of bodybuilding encourages a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise and balanced diets, it is important for bodybuilders to avoid potentially harmful substances like anabolic steroids. To better understand any connections between bodybuilding and cancer, further research is needed.

Risk Factors and Limitations in Bodybuilding

Bodybuilding can offer numerous health benefits, from improved strength and endurance to increased self-confidence. However, there are risk factors and limitations associated with this intense pursuit of physical perfection. In this section, we will provide a brief overview of the main risk factors associated with bodybuilding and discuss some genetic aspects that may affect the mortality risk of those who dedicate themselves to this discipline.

Genetics play an important role in determining an individual’s ability to achieve success in bodybuilding and maintain overall health. Some individuals may be predisposed to muscle-building potential due to their genetic makeup, while others may be at a greater risk of developing health issues. It is essential to understand one’s genetic predispositions and limitations when embarking on a bodybuilding journey.

Some risk factors in bodybuilding include the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and extreme dietary practices. AAS use can lead to various health consequences, including cardiovascular disease, liver damage, and hormonal imbalances. Many bodybuilders engage in extreme dieting practices to achieve very low body fat levels, which may ironically increase the risk of dying from health-related causes.

Mortality risk may also be affected by the intensity of the activity and the frequency of competitions. Bodybuilding at an elite level puts immense stress on the body and may lead to overtraining and injury. These chronic injuries and overuse may increase the likelihood of premature death or negatively impact long-term health.

It is crucial to consider the limitations of bodybuilding to maintain a healthy balance between the pursuit of physical perfection and the maintenance of overall well-being. Finding the right balance between training intensity, nutrition, and recovery will minimize the risk of illness or injury and foster sustainable progress.

In conclusion, while bodybuilding can offer numerous benefits, it is essential to be aware of the risk factors and limitations involved in this pursuit. Proper training techniques, responsible dietary practices, and understanding the impact of genetics on one’s potential will help mitigate these risks and promote a healthy and fulfilling bodybuilding journey.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the average lifespan of a bodybuilder?

The average lifespan of a bodybuilder appears to be slightly longer than that of the general population. Studies have found that individuals who engage in regular exercise and maintain a healthy lifestyle tend to live longer. In the case of bodybuilders, their intense focus on physical fitness and nutrition can lead to increased longevity. One source suggests that the average lifespan of a bodybuilder is 81 years1.

Do natural bodybuilders have longer life expectancies?

Natural bodybuilders, who avoid the use of performance-enhancing drugs like anabolic steroids, may experience even greater longevity than their counterparts who use such substances. This is because the risks associated with drug use can have numerous negative effects on health, leading to potential complications and shortened lifespans.

Why do some bodybuilders die early?

While it is true that some bodybuilders may experience premature death, this is not always directly related to the sport. Factors such as steroid and supplement abuse, extreme dieting, and excess stress on the body can contribute to serious health issues and an increased likelihood of early death. It is important to note that these risks are not exclusive to bodybuilding and can be present in any athletic pursuit where individuals push their bodies to extreme limits4.

Do athletes generally live longer than non-athletes?

Research indicates that athletes typically have lower mortality rates compared to non-athletes4. Engaging in regular physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, improve cardiovascular health, and promote overall well-being. It is essential, however, to maintain a balanced approach to training, allowing for adequate rest and avoiding excessive stress on the body.

Can bodybuilding lead to health problems later in life?

Bodybuilding, when pursued in a responsible manner, can support long-term health. However, as with any physical activity, there is the potential for injuries and the development of health issues later in life if proper precautions are not taken. Overuse of supplements, improper training techniques, and excessive stress on the body can result in negative long-term consequences5.

Do bodybuilders experience faster aging?

Bodybuilders who maintain a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition, sleep, and stress management, are not likely to experience accelerated aging. In fact, their commitment to physical fitness may contribute to greater health and vitality as they age. Conversely, those who engage in risky behaviors such as steroid use, extreme dieting, and overtraining may face an increased risk of premature aging and other health complications.


  1. “Introduction It is generally accepted that moderate amounts of exercise improve immune system functions and hence reduce the risk of infection.” 2

  2. “Intense and prolonged exercise similar to marathon race competition causes large but transient increases in total white blood cells (WBC) and a variety of cytokines including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), granulocyte …”

  3. “A. Exercise, Immune Changes, and Clinical Outcomes The link between exercise-induced perturbations in immunity and improvements in other clinical outcomes such as cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and aging has not been investigated as thoroughly as with URTI.”

  4. “Premature Death in Bodybuilders: What Do We Know?” 2

  5. “Average Bodybuilder Lifespan: Do They Die Young?”

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